The present situation for port terminal operations necessitates a major focus on carbon reduction. Most Boards of Commissionaires in municipalities across North America have mandated this. Major port terminals continue to use diesel-burning forklifts, which severely impacts the environment, staff health, and the people who live in these areas.
Operators of logistics forklifts at port terminals arrive to work in the scorching summer sun only to be seated over a hot diesel engine. Furthermore, forklift noise often necessitates ear protection by the operator. These issues are no longer an issue with Carer industrial electric forklifts.
Many ports are governed financially by the Board of Commissionaires, and the board must approve significant expenditures. Some of the problems port operators face include communicating effectively with the board and requesting capital expenditure for the replacement of a container unloading forklift at a time when operational costs are still low. As a result, many diesel port forklifts in use today are operating well past their expected life cycle, and the equipment becomes financially inefficient as costs rise. Maintenance and repair, energy consumption, tire replacement, and extended downtime are just a few of these costs, all of which add to the requirement for spare machinery, which is the most expensive.
The Carer industrial electric forklift is the new solution available for ports. With lift capacities of up to 66,000 lbs. at a 48-inch load center , these machines are very popular with breakbulk terminals.
Municipalities are also still grappling with excessive machinery noise and air pollution. Communities pressure port authorities to reduce noise and air pollution because most port facilities are in highly populated residential and business zones. As a result, several port terminal operators are pursuing a zero-emissions strategy. Environmental policies pose considerable obstacles for port authorities that are still running diesel forklifts. Carer Electric Forklifts provides a cost saving solution to help justify the switch away from IC vehicles for most port activities, and one that is especially effective in unloading containers with a forklift.
It takes more than just having the right equipment to electrify a port terminal. Electrical infrastructure must be specified and understood to manage peak demands when charging all equipment. Charging cycles must match terminal operations while also ensuring that the power grid is not overloaded to breakdown. When considering a complete internal combustion engine (ICE) to electric conversion, the levels of complexity increase dramatically. Many terminal operators are considering a long-term vision of zero emissions but are opting for a reasonable and demonstrable starting point in the short term. Operators and terminal authorities can restrict expenses and have a more manageable technical transition by focusing on a phased introduction of battery-powered devices.
In many circumstances, the only demonstrable financial performance of a forklift conversion from an internal combustion engine (ICE) to an electric motor is the cost of gasoline. The following would be included in a more realistic ROI:
The following items are included in the total current monthly operating cost analysis (for diesel forklifts):
- Capital costs (depreciation and internal cost of funds)
- Maintenance costs
- Intangible costs (emergency rentals, freight, down time, administration, etc.)
- Energy (diesel) consumption cost (today and forecasted future costs)
- Costs associated with unproductive labor (fuel tank refilling)
- Tire replacement
The following are the total projected monthly operating costs (for electric forklifts):
- Reduced utilization through elimination standby idle time
- Capital costs (extended depreciation term and internal cost of funds)
- Reduced repairs and maintenance costs – projected reduction ~40%
- Reduced intangible costs
- Energy (electricity) consumption costs – projected reduction ~88%
- Reduced tire replacement costs
Every port authority in North America has an environmental department dedicated to the difficult task of competing for international trade while also safeguarding the environment. Their deliverables are focused on lowering air pollutants (including noise) and ensuring a healthy environment. Most port terminals have a clean air action plan in place. Each strategy lays out a detailed plan for reducing emissions. Carer Electric Forklifts and their dealers have met this demand and prepared for the new reality of zero-emission ports while delivering significant cost savings to our customers!
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